Persian Women • Iranian Women
The glorious history of the past of Persian Women:
Female emperors ruled over the many dynasties of the Persian Empire.
The significant role of women in Ancient Persia both horrified and fascinated the ancient Greek and Roman male-dominated societies.
Women in Persia
Women in Persia were very honored and revered; they often had important positions in the Courthouse, Ministries, Military, State and Treasury Department, and other official administrations. Women were treated like Goddesses esteemed as mothers of creation before the barbaric invasion upon Persia.
Recent works on the role of women in ancient Persia show great participation by women in all facets of life, indicating not only their autonomy and independence, but the existence of an equal social system which accepted the authority and independence of women.
The fortification tablets at the Ruins of Persepolis also reveals that men and women were represented in identical professions and that they received equal payments as skilled laborers and that gender was not a criterion at all (unlike our modern world).
New mothers and pregnant women even received wages far above those of their male co-workers as gratitude.
There is much evidence that the principles of Zoroastrianism lay the core foundation to the first Declaration of Human Rights in the Persian Empire set by Cyrus the Great since the rulers of Persia were Zoroastrians and relatively liberal and progressive.
Mandana was a Median princess and mother of Cyrus the Great, (ruler of Persia’s Achaemenid Dynasty and the writer of the first declaration of human rights in the globe, named: Cyrus Cylinder).
Amitis Shahbanu was a Median princess, who became the wife of Cyrus the Great.
Pantea Arteshbod (Commander of the Persian “Immortal” Army), was one of the all-time greatest Persian commanders during the reign of Cyrus the Great.
Commander Pantea truly was an important and sensitive military commander whose presence on the ancient battlefield made a difference to the outcome of the battle and played a part in building up the tapestry of ancient military Achievement.
The name “Pantea” means: “Strong and immortal.” in Persian and “all the gods” or “all the flowers” in Greek.
Cassandane Shahbanu was an Achaemenid Persian noblewoman, she became the wife of Cyrus the Great several years after his first beloved wife Queen Amitis past away.
Mahruyeh Shahbanu was the Queen of the Persian Achaemenid Empire. The name “Mahruyeh” means: “Pretty face.”
Lieutenant Artunis was the Commander of the Achaemenid Persian Army. She was a mighty brave woman.
The name “Artunis” means: “True and faithful.”
Atusa Shahbanu was the Queen of the Persian Achaemenid Empire, wife of King Darius the Great.
She was very wealthy with her own administration and massive personal army. The name “Atusa” means: “Beautiful body.” (Alternative spellings are: Atoosa, Atousa, or Atossa.)
Phaidyme Shahbanu was an Achaemenid Queen, one of the seven conspirators who helped Darius the Great to assume the throne.
The name “Phaidyme” is a Hellenized form of an unidentified Old Persian name.
Irdabama was a highly Successful Historical Business Woman. She was a major formidable landowner and controlled a huge workforce. She proved that possession of enormous property, wealth and good social standing was not limited to Royal women and that everything was possible with hard work and determination.
Amestris Shahbanu was the beautiful daughter of Otanes. She was also an Achaemenid military Commander and her mother was a Arteshbod General of the Imperial Army. She had the reputation to be more bloodthirsty than any Persian king had ever been against those who broke the law in order to set a precedent for the importance of the rule of law in the empire.
The name “Amestris” means: “Friend, companion.” (Comes from Old Persian “Amastri” with the meaning “Strong woman”)
Grand Admiral Artemisia became the ruler of Halicarnassius (A Greek City-State and a colony of Persian Empire).
She ruled under the overlordship of the Persian Emperor Xerxes I (Kheshayar Shah). The name “Artemisia” means: “The great speaker of truth.”
Esther (born “Hadassah”) was the wife of King Xerxes the Great. The name “Esther” comes from the Persian word: “star”.
Pari Satis (Parysatis) was the half-sister of Xerxes II. She was also a General (Arteshbod) and took full command of the Imperial Army when her husband died in battle.
The name “Pari” means: “Angel-like.”
Sissy Cambis was the Empress of Persia and the Mother of Darius the Third, she was a remarkable Achaemenid woman who fought, resisted and did not surrender to Alexander the Macedonian Tyrant.
The name “Sissy” means: “Fortunate.”
Princess Estatira (Stateira) was the daughter of Darius the Third and Sissy Cambis. Estatira had the rank of: Achaemenid Sepahbod (Lieutenant General).
The name “Estatira (Stateira)” means: “Creation of the stars.”
Youtab Aryobarzan was the Commander of Achaemenid Army, sister of the legendary Persian Hero, General Aryobarzan, she stood side by side to her brother and fought the Greeks and Macedonians to death during the invasion of Alexander.
The name “Youtab” means: “Unique.”
Princess Roxana was daughter of King Darius III, Shahanshah of The Persian Empire!
The name “Roxana” means: “The dawn and luminous beauty.” (in both Persian and Bactrian).
Sura was one of the Greatest Heroines of Persian History, A strategical and Military Genius during the Parthian dynasty. Sura had the rank of: Ashkanid’s General, Sepahbod (Lieutenant General).
The name “Sura” means: “Flower face.”
Azadokht Shahbanu was the Queen of the Persian Sassanid Empire. Azadokht was not a military woman but she was very skilled with her sword.
The name “Azadokht” means: “Free girl.”
Princess Aspas was a Commander of the Persian Sassanid police force and a daughter of Emperor Ardeshir the Second.
The name “Aspas” means: “Guard of strength.”
Princess Parin was a Persian Sassanid politician, daughter of Qobad, Counselor of the Persian Courthouse, extremely intelligent and confident female politician.
The name “Parin” means: “Same as an angel.”
Zand Shahbanu was the Queen of Persia and the mighty Wife of King Khosrow Anushirvan: ruled 531–579 C.E. (The most illustrious of the Sassanid Rulers) and the niece of General Bahram Chubin.)
The name “Zand” means: “Precious.”
Shirin Shahbanu was the Queen of the Persian Sassanid Empire and the wife of King Khosrow Parviz 590-628 C.E.
The name “Shirin” means: “Sense of sweetness.”
Empress Purandokht was the twenty-sixth Sassanid monarch of Persia, reigning from 629 to 631.
The name “Puran-dokht” means: “Beautiful-girl.”
Empress Azarmidokht was the daughter of King Khosrow Parviz. She was the twenty-seventh Sassanid Monarch of Persia and she ruled the empire after her sister Purandokht during the Sassanid Dynasty era.
The name “Azarmidokht” means: “Youthful girl.”
Banu was the Wife of Babak Khoramdin (Persian Legendary Freedom Fighter). She fought side by side to her husband Babak. Banu & Babak Khoramdin are considered as one of the most heroic freedom fighters of Persia who initiated the Khoramdinan movement. They lived and they died as Proud Persians until the last drop of blood was shed.
The name “Banu” means: “Lady.” (Alternative spellings: “Bānu Xorramdin”)
Turandokht was the beautiful Princess of Persia during the Sassanid dynasty era. In The Book of One Thousand and One Nights (Hezar o-yek shab), she became an icon of nobility and stature.
The name “Turandokht” means: “Turanian girl.” (Turan’s Daughter) with “dokht” being a contraction for “Dokhtar” in Persian (meaning “Daughter”).
Apranik was a Persian Sassanid High Ranking Commander of Army and fought gracefully, as a resistance commander. Apranik was a tireless inspiration for her troops in defense of their nation against outside aggressors.
The name “Apranik” means: “Daughter of elder.”
Negan was a freedom Fighter Leader, A Guerrilla Commander during Sassanid dynasty era and after the Arabo-Occupation, one of the major resistance fighters of Persia against the Arab Invasion. Negan was not a military woman, nor a woman of nobility, yet she had a heart full of love for Persia. Her heart was pounding for the Mother Land.
The name “Negan” means: “Good destiny.”
Azad Deylami was a Guerrilla Commander and a partisan leader from Caspian Sea shores in north of Iran who fought bravely for many years with her band of freedom fighters against the Arab Oppressors, during the Occupation era.
The name “Azad” means: “Free.”