Persian Wars | • Summary • Timeline • Facts • Significance • Effect

Persian Wars | • Summary • Timeline • Facts • Significance • Effect

Greco – Persian wars

The Greco-Persian wars was the name given to a set of disputes between the Persian Empire and a number of Greek states that eventually led to battle.

These battles took place in a spell of time that began in 499 B.C and was ceased in 449 B.C.

It is believed that this collision started with Cyrus the Great’s usurping of the Greek-populated districts of Ionia at around 547 B.C.


The War – How it came to be

The Greek weren’t the only residents around the Mediterranean Sea, including the Persian Empire and Egypt.

The Persian Empire was a vast one, starting in Turkey and continuing all the way to the Indus river Valley. The main struggles started when Persians sent soldiers to the Greek highlands in order to ambush the residents.

They did not achieve their goal at first though. This quest took three attempts to win, which resulted in the famous battles of “Salamis”, “Marathon”, “Thermopylae”.


First stage of the Persian war

The Persian troops were led by king Darius in the first stage of the battle.

Due to the number of the Athenians and their Greek banner men and allies, the Persians were defeated in the battle of Marathon that took place on land.

It is said that the message containing the news of the victory was given to a messenger who had to run 26 miles (the distance between Marathon and Athens).

The messenger died after delivering the message. Hence the marathon category in the Olympics!


  The second stage of the Persian war

This time the Persians, who had been defeated due to shortage of troops, rallied an army of 2,000,000 soldiers and sailed towards the Greek shore.

These men were commanded by king Xerxes I, king Darius’s heir. A vanguard containing 5,000 Greek soldiers including Spartans, Locrians and Phocians, under the leadership of Leonidas (a Spartan king) moved to welcome the Persian troops on the battlefield.

They succeeded in delay the Persian troops at “Pass of Thermopylae” (a famous pass between the sea of Thermopylae and its surrounding cliffs).

After a tiring process, they were all slaughtered by the Persian forces. Even though every single one of the Spartans fought valiantly to their last breath, they were massively outnumbered.


our troops found their way around the pass and continued with their quest.


The third stage of the Persian war

A very smart tactic, thought of by Athenian Commander Themistocles, the Persian navy was destroyed by the Athenians.

After hitting land, at the battle of Plataea, the Persian army was once more defeated by the Greek troops which were led by Spartans.

This caused the Persians to be driven from Greece.

This was the battle of Salamis, in which it can be said that the Athenians deserve the credit for the victory.

For if it hadn’t been for them, Greece would have been under Persian domination to this day.

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