Persian Red Gold
A pleasant scent and color, together with its savory taste makes it popular all around the world, and with its wonderful benefits, it gives a special beauty and smoothness to the skin and face, and yet with other magic characteristics, it aims for winning even more fans from different peoples and nations of our world.
This invaluable gem is called Saffron.
Saffron plantation in Iran dates back a long time.
In American Encyclopedia, this costly red gold is said to have its roots in the Mediterranean. Some say its origin is in Media, and some consider a larger area including Greece, Turkey, Anatolia, and Iran to be its provenance.
Ancient Iranians exported saffron to many areas of the ancient world, and informed the Greeks, the Romans, the Chinese, and the Semitic people of its qualities and plantation method. It is historically known that Iranians loved saffron and gold the same, and especially in their parties and weddings, gifted saffron and gold to their guests.
An Authentic Saffron Document
The oldest document on saffron consumption belongs to Persian kings, namely the Achaemenids.
They carved a long list of the consumables (divided by type and quantity) on a bronze column in the court’s kitchen.
This inscription was installed in front of the royal residence of the Persian king. Pauline (the Greek martial writer of the 2nd Century) wrote the items listed in this column as well as their quantities in his diary, including the amount of saffron consumed daily in the court which was around one kilogram.
Everywhere In Search Of Saffron
Saffron, this eatable gold, is a half-tropical flower, and grows well in areas with mild winters and dry and warm summers. Saffron can resist quite well against the cold, however, since its growth time coincides with autumn, winter, and early spring, it naturally needs mild and proper weather during this period.
In resting time (summer), precipitation and irrigation is harmful for it, therefore, it is not usual for saffron to be planted in the rainy areas of north of Iran, or the warm and humid areas of the south. Sunny fields without trees which are not, moreover, subject to cold winds provide the proper atmosphere for the growth of saffron.
Saffron, The Beloved Beauty
This beloved beauty has neither pedicel nor bulb. Early in the autumn, its flower grows, and the saffron we consume is actually its flags which are consumable after being dried out.
A term used from a long past for different kinds of saffron is “Dokhtar-Pich” which means “Girl’s fringe”.
“Chaffy” is another term used for a type of saffron which has light yellowish tint.
A Gift from the Red Gold to Your Eyes
Consuming saffron is beneficial in curing eye diseases.
Since saffron contains a large amount of antioxidants, herbal medicine experts recommend it for sight deficiency.
Australian researchers have found out that saffron contains one of the key elements in preventing sight deficiency and visual impairment.
These researches which have been carried out in one of the ophthalmology research centers in Australia, showed that saffron has considerable effect on the genes which regulate visual cells’ function.
Using saffron will cause a decrease in the level of bad cholesterol and also an improvement of blood circulation in the body.
Saffron is also recommended for those with nervous conflicts or memory impairments.
It helps with food digestion, and because of its flavor it stimulates nervous system.
Its medicinal properties also include a sedating effect on surface nerves.
Saffron has a calming effect on coughs caused by chronic bronchitis.
Saffron could be used to treat insomnias caused by mental irritation, spasticity, and toothache.
It can also be used in curing various diseases including extreme fatigues, gingivitis, heart diseases, depression, asthma, insomnia, whooping cough, stomachache, and kidney stones.
What You Haven’t Heard About Saffron
Saffron is proliferated by bulbs produced from a mother bulb.
Saffron bulb remains dormant in the earth through summer months and starts growing again at the end of summer.
this species is resistant to dry weather, and needs 4 to 5 times irrigation through its growth period. The field should be sunny, the soil should have a sandy texture with proper drainage and a PH of 7 to 7.5. Chemical components of saffron include fat, minerals, and many flavors. Saffron’s color comes from a chemical called crossin. It’s interesting to know that saffron’s bulb is poisonous and can be fatal in case of over-consumption.
You’ll Get More Beautiful with Saffron!
Some people experience dryness and darkness of skin in the winter. A mixture of saffron and honey can be used to revive the smoothness and brightness of the skin.
A few threads of saffron can be added to a spoonful of honey, mixed, and then applied on the face. Honey’s moisturizing effect combined with saffron’s curative effect, improve blood circulation in the skin and revive its brightness. If your skin is prone to pimple or acne, use a mixture of saffron and a couple of basil leaves to get rid of them.
The antibacterial effect of this mixture eradicates the infections caused by acne. Apply this mask on a face with acne, wait till it dries up, and then wash with water. If applied regularly, this mixture will show its eliminating effect on the acnes.
Strong Memory with Saffron
Using saffron can improve memory. Daily consumption of saffron notably increases learning ability as well as memory. People who regularly have saffron in their food have shown a better memory.
Hematopoietic Effect and Protection of Brain Cells
Researchers at Alberta University say that a basic element in saffron can prevent brain cells from diseases and nervous inflammation.
“In our studies” says Doctor Chris Power, the head of this study in Alberta University, “we noticed a component in this tasty and aromatic condiment called crossin.
Also with further examination, we found out that this component can have a protective effect on the cells in cerebral cell plantation atmosphere, and can in fact prevent the cells producing myelin for nerve cells against harm.” Another thing about saffron you might not know is its anti-depressant effect.
Pharmacy with Saffron
In addition to its dietary uses, saffron, this lovely red gold, is used in different countries for producing various medicines as well as soda. Because of its various medicinal components, saffron has different effects, including facilitating digestion and regulating gastrointestinal tract, stimulating effect on nervous system through hormones, soporific effect, curative effect on treating mental fatigue, treating kidney stone, enhancing visual sight, strengthening pulse, and enforcing the heart.
What Women Don’t Know About Saffron!
Researches show that saffron can help with blood pressure, iron deficiency in women, and heart attacks. In traditional medicine, saffron was used as a sedative, and anti-stress substance.
Doctors advise women with iron deficiency to use saffron in at least one of their daily meals.
The Most Colorful Gold in The World
Saffron flower is of a purplish tint, and is used in cookery for its aroma, flavor, and color. In the past, saffron was used for dying silk threads. It turns orange in combination with alum, and turns yellow in combination with tin.
If You Want to Saffron Tea
If you like saffron tea, you should first learn how to brew saffron.
To do so, first crush some saffron in a mortar with a little sugar. Then add a teaspoon of it to half a cup of boiling water and put it on water steam or your pot of rice on the cook to brew and give out its color.
The more saffron, the more color you’ll have at the end.
You can make this solution more and keep bottled in refrigerator for one week. The more hot the water and the more crushed your saffron are, the more color it will give out. Sugar helps with crushing and softening your saffron. If you live in a moist climate, your saffron might become a little bit soft.
You can microwave it for half a minute to get rid of the moist.
A Saffron Secrete
Most experts consider saffron to be helpful for digestion.
Regular use saves you from digesting problems. Since saffron is also helpful in decreasing stress, it can put an end to digesting problems caused by stress.
Treating Depression with Iranian Red Gold
Saffron, this red, tender, and costly condiment, is the most valuable substance in each Iranian kitchen and changes your mood as well. Saffron delays aging.
Our ancestor doctors prescribed saffron for an uplift in mood, and evading fatigue. Saffron tea, or saffron rice can really make you happy. Iranian researchers have indicated that saffron has anti-depressant effects which are no less than the effects of medicines like fluoxetine and imipramine.
Researchers believe that saffron increases serotonin level in the brain and eradicates depression.
Happy Like Saffron
An interesting thing about saffron in Iranian culture is that they call the mood of a happy person “saffrony” or saffron-like.
They even wish happiness for others by expressing “May you be saffrony!” These expression refer to laughter induction effect of saffron. They also recommend saffron to people with a bad temper.
There are districts in some cities in Iran called “Zaferaniye” which translates “Saffron-district”. These are usually affluent areas. Some examples of these cities are Tehran, and Tabriz, which have districts named this way.
Some say, long ago, there were saffron farms in these areas and that’s where the name comes from.
Eatable Gold, Or a Souvenir Called Saffron
One of the most enjoyable activities is to give or receive souvenir.
This is especially true if the souvenir is Iranian aromatic and smooth saffron. Saffron plantation is common in many areas in Iran especially north-west and center.
Saffron is usually considered as the most expensive condiment in the world. The high price is because picking the flags is an extremely arduous task.
If you are thinking of a souvenir for your dear ones, definitely try Iranian red gold.