Persian Music • Iranian Music • Music of Iran | Instruments & History

Persian Music • Iranian Music • Music of Iran | Instruments & History

Persian music consists of a few different styles:

  • Pop music
  • Traditional music
  • Symphonic music
  • Ritual music
  • Piano music
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Persian traditional music:

This type of music is indigenous to Persian history and regions, and is prized by the majority of Iran’s population.

This field of music uses a mixture of harmony and impromptu to come to life.

The assemblage includes above 200 melodic movements which are named Gusheh, and are categorized into seven modes more commonly known as “Dastgah”.


two out of the seven modes consist of secondary types called Avaaz.

Each Dastgah and Gusheh has separate, distinctive names.

But all of them together are called Radif.

A usual performance has a few factors, though every composition might not have all these parts.

  • Pishdaramad (a prologue that sets the ambiance of the song),
  • daramad (rhythmic free motif),
  • aavaaz (improvised rhythmic-free singing),
  • tasnif (rhythmic accompanied by singing, an ode),
  • chaharmezrab (rhythmic music but rhythmic-free or no singing),
  • reng (closing rhythmic composition, a dance tune).

Persian Ritual Music:

Religious occasions in Iran are sometimes adorned by the famous Persian ritual music.

This type of music is mostly used for Islamic and Zoroastrianism ceremonies.

Persian Pop Music:

Persian pop music or Parsipop, as the name tells us, is pop music sung in Persian language sometimes along with special domestic beats and instruments.

Though this type of music was developed in Iran, it is quite popular amongst many other Persian-speaking countries such as Afghanistan, and also in America and Europe.

Parsipop consists of branches such as waltz, rumba, and tango.

This field’s ancestry could be traced back all the way to the Qajariyan dynasty around the 19th century.

Among the many artists who promoted this type, one of the most famous was Viguen. He actually went on to be given the title of “The sultan of jazz”.

Persian Symphonic Music:

While the title says “Persian” symphonic music, it is mostly because of the fact that the majority of symphonic pieces were created by Persian composers.

These pieces seldom have Persian style, but they are all magnificent nonetheless. Most of these compositions were used for western orchestras and ensembles, with a hint of classic Persian folk melodies.

Persian Piano Music:

According to historical resources, the very first piano was transported to Iran in the time of king Nasser-al-Din regime, which was from 1848 to 1896.

Since then, Persian piano music sparked.

Our composers have brought many different styles of piano playing.

Their basis was either staying true to the classic Persian rhythms and music, or using the ambiance of Persian folk melodies.

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