The Persian Gulf,
one of the most critical bodies of water, is positioned in the heart of the Middle East. Located in southwestern Asia, it separates the Arabian Peninsula from Iran (formerly called Persia).
It connects with the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea through the Strait of Hormuz, which is 30 to 60 miles (48 to 96 kilometers) wide.
The Persian Gulf and its coastal areas are the world’s largest single source of crude oil.
Therefore powerful naval forces from several countries remain in its waters to protect the flow of oil to the rest of the world,
especially considering that the Persian Gulf supplies most of the world’s energy needs.
Persian Gulf War:
The Persian Gulf has been the focus of the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq War, in which each side attacked the other’s oil tankers.
In 1991, the Persian Gulf again was the background for what was called the “Persian Gulf War” or the “Gulf War” when Iraq invaded Kuwait; although despite the name this conflict was primarily over land.
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The Persian Gulf:
1.Surface area = 92,500 square miles = 240,000 square kilometers
2.The Persian Gulf extends 615 miles (990 kilometers) from northwest to southeast.
3. Width ranges from 35 miles (56 kilometers) in the southeast to a maximum of 210 miles (338 kilometers).
Countries with a coastline on the Persian Gulf consist of:
- Iran to the north,
- Part of Oman to the east,
- the United Arab Emirates and Qatar to the south,
- Saudi Arabia to the southwest,
- and Kuwait and Iraq to the northwest.
Various small islands also lie within the Persian Gulf. (See Maps)
On almost all maps printed before 1960, and in most modern international treaties, documents and maps, this body of water is known as the “Persian Gulf”.
In recent years, and since 1960’s certain groups have attempted to change the name and history of this ancient gulf.
National day of Persian Gulf
The Islamic Republic of Iran designated April 30th as the “national day of Persian Gulf” and has also issued a series of stamps commemorating the “The national day of Persian Gulf”.
The Naming Dispute: Persian Gulf VS Arabian Gulf
The name of the body of water separating the Iranian plateau, historically and internationally known as the Persian Gulf, after the land of Persia (Iran), has been disputed by some Arab countries since the 1960s