Since ancient times, Persia has been known for their unnaturally perfect talent and style of carpet-weaving.
This subject is essential to understanding the Persian culture. The way carpet-weaving is done in Persia is without a doubt unique, not to mention historical.
Here are some interesting points about Persian carpets:
- Around 5 million square meters of carpets are produced in Iran each year. These carpets are mostly sold in international bazaars and markets.
- 3/4th of the world’s output on carpets is produced by Iran, making this country the world’s largest exporter of this popular, handmade art.
- Also, Iran holds the record for producing history’s largest carpet up to date. (The carpet is 5,624.9 square meters)
Persian Carpets - The highest levels of art:
The craftsmanship of the Persian carpet is in such way that looking into its pattern is like looking at a pool of beautifully mixed colors, representing a universe of magnificence and beauty.
This artistic creation traces its origins back 2500 years, and has not stopped improving over time. It has become richer and more beautiful through ages.
The Persian carpet is considered to be the finest in its own category and thus is one of the highest levels of art that was ever achieved by mankind to this day.
By tracing back the lineage of the Persian carpet, you would be familiarizing yourself with one of the world’s greatest civilizations.
Given the fact that this kind of carpet is considered invaluable, you can always find them in museums, palaces, the home of the wealthy populations, and so on.
Due to this nature, the Persian carpet has always received international praise.
The earliest Persian Carpets are now in existence.
The first Persian Carpet:
The first, or should we say, The Carpet that was discovered the earliest was by a Russian professor called Sergei Ivanovich Rudenko in the year 1949 whilst excavating graves in Altai mountains located in Siberia.
Interesting fact is that this carpet could have easily been destroyed.
The reason behind it was a grave robbery that took place.
The robbers raided the gravesite, but they left an opening.
Through this opening, water (most probably caused by rain) poured into the mound and froze.
The opening was frozen from the cold and this way, the carpet was protected.
The Pazyryk Carpet
This rug is currently being preserved in the Hermitage Museum of Leningrad in Russia.
The visuals are:
a deep red-colored center plus two borders on the sides, one showing a deer and another showing a Persian rider riding a horse.
This rug has a Chiordes knot. It is assumed to be from the 5th century B.C.
There is another rug which was also found in this area.
This one had a Senneh knot, and is thought to be much older than the previous one, dating back to the 1st century B.C.
But still these are not the oldest carpets that belonged to Persia.
According to historical statements, Cyrus the Great’s courts and halls were full of breath-taking and fascinating carpets.
Also in classic stories,
we are told that Alexander the great finds many glorious carpets inside Cyrus the Great’s burial mound.
Persian Carpet Categories
Basically, we can sort Persian rugs in three different size groups:
- A Farsh or Ghali is a carpet larger than 6x4 feet.
- A Ghaliche means a small rug would be a carpet about 6x4 feet and less. The Che suffix means small in Persian.
- A Gelim includes flat weaves and piled rugs.
Below you will find a picture of:
Generally Persian rugs are divided into 4 pattern designs:
- Central medallion
Click here to see more: Persian Rugs Gallery